"Guided reading/small group instruction is planned, intended, focused instruction." (Mooney)
Guided Reading/Small Group Instruction is an instructional reading strategy during which a teacher works with small groups of students (no more than 6) who have similar reading processes and needs. The teacher selects and introduces leveled books chosen to match the instructional level of the students. Guided reading/small group instruction is reading by the students. The students are responsible for the first reading of the text.
Guided Reading/Small Group Instruction enhances comprehension skills and strategies, develops background knowledge and oral language skills, and provides as much instructional level reading as possible. During Guided Reading/Small Group Instruction, students are exposed to a variety of genres and texts. They are challenged to select from a large repertoire of strategies that will allow them to tackle new texts more independently. Ongoing observation and assessment (running records, checklists, etc) help to inform instruction and grouping. This allows the teacher to tailor instruction to suit students’ changing instructional needs. Grouping of students should be flexible and change often.
Guided Reading/Small Group Instruction Components (Giard, 2003)
1. Observe, monitor, and assess students to determine groups
2. Know the material well and plan your learning goals and outcome (s)
3. Prepare your introduction and general questions
4. Work through the text with students to demonstrate skills and strategies that will serve them over time (predict, clarify, connect, question, summarize etc.)
5. Decide what will be done once the group is finished (follow-up work or preparation for the future)
6. Keep the lesson short (15-20 minutes)